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Постановление Европейского суда по правам человека от 17.12.2009 «Дело Шилбергс (Shilbergs) против России» [англ.]







EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

FIRST SECTION

CASE OF SHILBERGS v. RUSSIA
(Application No. 20075/03)

JUDGMENT <*>

(Strasbourg, 17.XII.2009)

--------------------------------
<*> This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

In the case of Shilbergs v. Russia,
The European Court of Human Rights (First Section), sitting as a Chamber composed of:
Christos Rozakis, President,
Nina {Vajic} <*>,
--------------------------------
<*> Здесь и далее по тексту слова на национальном языке набраны латинским шрифтом и выделены фигурными скобками.

Anatoly Kovler,
Elisabeth Steiner,
Dean Spielmann,
Giorgio Malinverni,
George Nicolaou, judges,
and {Soren} Nielsen, Section Registrar,
Having deliberated in private on 26 November 2009,
Delivers the following judgment, which was adopted on that date:

PROCEDURE

1. The case originated in an application (No. 20075/03) against the Russian Federation lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms ("the Convention") by a Russian national, Mr Artur Viesturovich Shilbergs ("the applicant"), on 30 May 2003.
2. The applicant, who had been granted legal aid, was represented by Mrs O. Preobrazhenskaya, a lawyer with the International Protection Centre in Moscow. The Russian Government ("the Government") were represented by Mr P. Laptev and Mrs V. Milinchuk, former Representatives of the Russian Federation at the European Court of Human Rights.
3. The applicant alleged, in particular, that he had been detained in inhuman conditions, that he had been unable to participate effectively in civil proceedings concerning him owing to the domestic courts' failure to ensure his presence, and that he had not been provided with legal aid on appeal in a criminal case.
4. On 12 June 2006 the President of the First Section decided to give notice of the application to the Government. It was also decided to examine the merits of the application at the same time as its admissibility (Article 29 § 3).

THE FACTS

I. The circumstances of the case

5. The applicant was born in 1967 and lived until his arrest in the town of Neman in the Kaliningrad Region. He is now serving his prison sentence in the correctional colony in the village of Slavyanovka, Kaliningrad Region.

A. Criminal proceedings against the applicant

6. On 16 August 2001 officers of the Krasnoznamensk town police department arrested the applicant and brought him to the temporary detention unit of the Neman town police department. A police investigator informed the applicant that he had been arrested on suspicion of aggravated robbery and that a prosecutor had authorised his detention on 29 May 2001. The applicant, having been informed of the rights of accused persons, including the right to legal aid, refused legal assistance because he considered himself innocent, and signed a record confirming his refusal. During the subsequent interview the applicant denied the accusations and consistently maintained his innocence.
7. On 28 September 2001 the applicant, who was still unrepresented, had a confrontation interview with a co-accused, Mr P., at which he was assisted by a lawyer. On a number of occasions the applicant unsuccessfully requested the investigating authorities to hold confrontations with other co-defendants, witnesses and victims.
8. On 3 October 2001 the applicant took part in a voice identification



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